← French Vocab Builder

sur

English translation of sur

over

The French word 'sur' is used in similar contexts as the English 'over'. It's used to denote location or position, suggesting something on top of or above something else. It can also denote an excess in quantity, number or degree, much like the English word 'over'. However, be aware that context is important in language translation and this word might have different translations depending on its usage.


Example sentences using: sur

Je suis sur le point de finir avec cette tâche.

English translation of Je suis sur le point de finir avec cette tâche.

I am about to finish with this task.

This phrase is used when one is very close to completing a certain task, with 'sur' indicating immediacy or proximity in time.

Il a marché sur mon sac!

English translation of Il a marché sur mon sac!

In this context, 'sur' is used in the sense of a physical location, indicating that something (the stepping) happened on top of another thing (the bag).

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Le livre est sur la table.

English translation of Le livre est sur la table.

The book is on the table.

In this example 'sur' indicates a physical position of the book being above and in contact with the surface of the table.

Nous avons discuté sur le sujet de l'éducation.

English translation of Nous avons discuté sur le sujet de l'éducation.

We spoke about the issue of education.

In this context, 'sur' is used to indicate the topic or matter of a conversation or discussion.

Il pleut sur la ville.

English translation of Il pleut sur la ville.

It is raining over the city.

Here 'sur' expresses that the action (raining) is happening over the mentioned place (the city).

Je veux des informations supplémentaires sur ce problème.

English translation of Je veux des informations supplémentaires sur ce problème.

I want additional information about this problem.

In this sentence, 'sur' describes the topic or matter to which the additional information is related.

Il était tard, mais elle a insisté sur le fait de rester encore un peu.

English translation of Il était tard, mais elle a insisté sur le fait de rester encore un peu.

It was late, but she insisted on staying a little longer.

Here 'sur' is part of the phrase 'insister sur' which translates directly to 'insist on', meaning to persist in an action or behavior.

Je suis sur que tu peux le faire.

English translation of Je suis sur que tu peux le faire.

I am sure that you can do it.

'Sur' in the phrase 'être sur' expresses certainty or confidence in something.

L'accent doit être mis sur la qualité, pas sur la quantité.

English translation of L'accent doit être mis sur la qualité, pas sur la quantité.

The emphasis needs to be put on quality, not on quantity.

In this context, 'sur' is used to specify what the emphasis or focus is on.

Il n'y a pas de couverture sur le lit.

English translation of Il n'y a pas de couverture sur le lit.

There is no blanket on the bed.

This usage of 'sur' describes a physical position of an object (or lack of it) on top of another object (the bed in this case).

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